Reich Citizenship Law of 25th September, 1935

         The Reich Parliament has adopted unanimously the following Law, which is herewith promulgated:


1.      A subject of the State is a person who belongs to the protective union of the German Reich, and who, therefore, has particular obligations towards the Reich.

2.      The status of the subject is acquired in accordance with the provisions of the Reich And State Law Of Citizenship.


1.      A citizen of the Reich is only that subject who is of German or kindred blood, and who, through his conduct, shows that he is both desirous and fit to serve faithfully the German Folk and Reich.

2.      The right to citizenship is acquired by the granting of Reich citizenship papers.

3.      Only the citizen of the Reich enjoys full political rights in accordance with the provisions of the Laws.


1.      The Reich Minister Of The Interior, in conjunction with the Deputy Of The Leader, will issue the necessary legal and administrative decrees for the carrying out and supplementing of this Law.

Nürnberg, 15th of September 1935
At the Reich Party Day Of Freedom.

The Leader And Reich Chancellor
Adolf Hitler
The Reich Minister Of The Interior


First Supplementary Decree Of 14th November, 1935

         On the basis of Article III of the Reich Citizenship Law of 25th September, 1935, the following is hereby decreed:


1.      Until further provisions concerning citizenship papers, all subjects of German or kindred blood who possessed the right to vote in the Reich Parliament elections when the Citizenship Law came into effect, shall, for the present, possess the rights of Reich Citizens. The same shall be true of those upon whom the Reich Minister Of The Interior, in conjunction with the Deputy Of The Leader, shall confer citizenship.

2.      The Reich Minister Of The Interior, in conjunction with the Deputy Of The Leader, may revoke citizenship.


1.      The provisions of Article I shall apply also to subjects who are of mixed Jewish blood.

2.      An individual of mixed Jewish blood is one who is descended from one or two grandparents who, racially, were full Jews, insofar that he is not a Jew according to Section 2 of Article V. Full blooded Jewish grandparents are those who belonged to the Jewish religious community.


1.      Only citizens of the Reich, as bearers of full political rights, can exercise the right of voting in political matters, and have the right to hold public office. The Reich Minister Of The Interior, or any agency he empowers, can make exceptions during the transition period on the matter of holding offices. These measures do not apply to matters concerning religious organisations.


1.      A Jew cannot be a citizen of the Reich. He cannot exercise the right to vote; he cannot occupy public office.

2.      Jewish officials will be retired as of December 31st, 1935. In the event that such officials served at the Front in the Great War either for Germany or her allies, they shall receive as pension, until they reach the age limit, the full salary last received, on the basis of which their pensions would have been computed. They shall not, however, be promoted according to their seniority in rank. When they reach the age limit, their pension will be computed again, according to the salary last received on which their pension was to be calculated.

3.      These provisions do not concern the affairs of religious organisations.

4.      The conditions regarding service of teachers in public Jewish schools remain unchanged until the promulgation of new regulations on the Jewish school system.


1.      A Jew is an individual who is descended from at least three grandparents who were, racially, full Jews. Article II, paragraph 2, second sentence will apply.

2.      A Jew is also an individual who is descended from two full Jewish grandparents if:

(a) he was a member of the Jewish religious community when this law was issued, or joined the community later;
(b) when the law was issued, he was married to a person who was a Jew, or was subsequently married to a Jew;
(c) he is the issue from a marriage with a Jew, in the sense of Section 1, which was contracted after the coming into effect of the Law For The Protection Of German Blood And German Honour of September 15th, 1935 (page 1146 of 15th September, 1935);
(d) he is the issue of an extramarital relationship with a Jew, according to Section 1, and born out of wedlock after July 31st, 1936.


1.      Insofar as there are, in the Laws of the Reich or in the decrees of the National Socialist German Workers' Party and its affiliates, certain requirements for the purity of German blood which extend beyond Article V, the same remain untouched.

2.      Any other demands on pureness of blood, not covered in Article 5, can only be made with permission from the Reich Minister Of The Interior and the Deputy Of The Leader. If any such demands have been made, they will be void as of 1st January, 1936, if they have not been requested from the Reich Minister Of The Interior in agreement with the Deputy Of The Leader. These requests must be made from the Reich Minister Of The Interior.


1.      The Leader And Reich Chancellor is empowered to release anyone from the provisions of these administrative decrees.

Berlin, 14th November, 1935.

The Leader And Reich Chancellor
Adolf Hitler

The Reich Minister Of The Interior

The Deputy Of The Leader
R. Heß
Reich Minister Without Portfolio


Law For The Protection Of German Blood And German Honour Of 15th September, 1935

         Thoroughly convinced by the knowledge that the purity of German blood is essential for the further existence of the German Folk, and inspired by the inflexible will to safeguard the German Nation for all future time, the Reich Parliament has resolved upon the following law unanimously, which is promulgated herewith:


1.      Marriages between Jews and nationals of German or kindred blood are forbidden. Marriages concluded in defiance of this law are void, even if, for the purpose of evading this law, they are concluded abroad.

2.      Proceedings for annulment may be initiated only by the Public Prosecutor.


1.      Relations outside marriage between Jews and nationals of German or kindred blood are forbidden.


1.      Jews will not be permitted to employ female nationals of German or kindred blood in their households.


1.      Jews are forbidden to hoist the Reich and National Flag, or to present the colours of the Reich.

2.      On the other hand, they are permitted to present the Jewish colours. The exercise of this authority is protected by the State.


1.      Whoever acts contrary to the prohibition of Section I will be punished with hard labour.

2.      Whoever acts contrary to the prohibition of Section II will be punished with imprisonment or with hard labour.

3.      Whoever acts contrary to the provisions of Sections III or IV will be punished with imprisonment up to a year and with a fine, or with one of these penalties.


1.      The Reich Minister Of The Interior, in agreement with the Deputy Of The Leader and the Reich Minister Of Justice, will issue the legal and administrative regulations which are required for the implementation and supplementation of this law.


1.      The law will become effective on the day after the promulgation, Section III however only on the 1st January, 1936.

Nürnberg, 15th September, 1935
At the Reich Party Rally Of Freedom.

The Leader And Reich Chancellor
Adolf Hitler

The Reich Minister Of The Interior

The Reich Minister Of Justice
Dr. Gurtner

The Deputy Of The Leader
R. Heß
Reich Minister Without Portfolio


Second Decree Implementing The Law Concerning The Change In Family Names Of 17th August, 1938


1.      Jews may receive only those first names which are listed in the directives of the Ministry Of The Interior concerning the use of first names.

2.      This provision does not apply to Jews of a foreign nationality.


1.      If Jews should bear first names other than those permitted to Jews according to Paragraph I, they must, as of 1st January, 1939, adopt an additional name. For males, that name shall be: Israel, for females: Sara.

         In a circular instruction of the Ministry Of The Interior, these names were announced as Jewish first names:

Male First Names:

·         Abel

·         Abieser

·         Abimelech

·         Abner

·         Absalom

·         Ahab

·         Ahasja

·         Ahasver

·         Akiba

·         Amon

·         Anschel

·         Aron

·         Asahel

·         Asaria

·         Ascher

·         Asriel

·         Assur

·         Athaija

·         Awigdor

·         Awrum

·         Bachja

·         Barak

·         Baruch

·         Benaja

·         Berek

·         Berl

·         Boas

·         Bud

·         Chaggai

·         Chai

·         Chajin

·         Chamor

·         Chananja

·         Chanoch

·         Chaskel

·         Chawa

·         Chiel

·         Dan

·         Denny

·         Elim

·         Efraim

·         Ehud

·         Eisig

·         Eli

·         Elias

·         Elihu

·         Eliser

·         Eljakim

·         Elkan

·         Enoch

·         Esau

·         Esra

·         Ezechiel

·         Faleg

·         Feibisch

·         Feitel

·         Feiwel

·         Feleg

·         Gad

·         Gdaleo

·         Gedalja

·         Gerson

·         Gideon

·         Habakuk

·         Hagai

·         Hemor

·         Henoch

·         Herodes

·         Hesekiel

·         Hillel

·         Hiob

·         Hosea

·         Isaac

·         Isai

·         Isachar

·         Isboseth

·         Isidor

·         Ismael

·         Israel

·         Itzig

·         Jachiel

·         Jaffe

·         Jakar

·         Jakusiel

·         Jescheskel

·         Jechiel

·         Jehu

·         Jehuda

·         Jehusiel

·         Jeremia

·         Jerobeam

·         Jesaja

·         Jethro

·         Jiftach

·         Jizehak

·         Joab

·         Joehanan

·         Joel

·         Jomteb

·         Jona

·         Jonathan

·         Josia

·         Juda

·         Kainan

·         Kaiphas

·         Kaleb

·         Korach

·         Laban

·         Lazarus

·         Leew

·         Leiser

·         Levi

·         Lewek

·         Lot

·         Lupu

·         Machol

·         Maim

·         Malchisua

·         Maleachi

·         Manasse

·         Mardochai

·         Mechel

·         Menachem

·         Moab

·         Mochain

·         Mordeschaj

·         Mosche

·         Moses

·         Nachschon

·         Nachum

·         Naftali

·         Nathan

·         Naum

·         Nazury

·         Nehab

·         Nehemia

·         Nissim

·         Noa

·         Nochem

·         Obadja

·         Orew

·         Oscher

·         Osias

·         Peisach

·         Pinchas

·         Pinkus

·         Rachmiel

·         Ruben

·         Sabbatai

·         Sacher

·         Sallum

·         Sally

·         Salo

·         Salomon

·         Salusch

·         Samaja

·         Sami

·         Samuel

·         Sandel

·         Saudik

·         Saul

·         Schalom

·         Schaul

·         Schinul

·         Schmul

·         Schneur

·         Schoachana

·         Scholem

·         Sebulon

·         Semi

·         Sered

·         Sichem

·         Sirach

·         Simson

·         Teit

·         Tewele

·         Uri

·         Uria

·         Uriel

·         Zadek

·         Zedekia

·         Zephanja

·         Zeruja

·         Zewi

Female First Names:

·         Abigail

·         Baschewa

·         Beile

·         Bela

·         Bescha

·         Bihri

·         Bilba

·         Breine

·         Briewe

·         Brocha

·         Chana

·         Chawa

·         Cheiche

·         Cheile

·         Chinke

·         Deiche

·         Dewaara

·         Driesel

·         Egele

·         Faugel

·         Feigle

·         Feile

·         Fradchen

·         Fradel

·         Frommet

·         Geilchen

·         Gelea

·         Ginendel

·         Gittel

·         Gole

·         Hadasse

·         Hale

·         Hannacha

·         Hitzel

·         Jachel

·         Jachewad

·         Jedidja

·         Jente

·         Jezabel

·         Judis

·         Jyske

·         Jyttel

·         Keile

·         Kreindel

·         Lane

·         Leie

·         Libsche

·         Libe

·         Liwie

·         Machle

·         Mathel

·         Milkele

·         Mindel

·         Nacha

·         Nachme

·         Peirche

·         Pesschen

·         Pesse

·         Pessel

·         Pirle

·         Rachel

·         Rause

·         Rebekka

·         Rechel

·         Reha

·         Reichel

·         Reisel

·         Reitzge

·         Reitzsche

·         Riwki

·         Sara

·         Scharne

·         Scheindel

·         Scheine

·         Schewa

·         Schlämche

·         Semche

·         Slowe

·         Sprinze

·         Tana

·         Telze

·         Tirze

·         Treibel

·         Zerel

·         Zilla

·         Zimle

·         Zine

·         Zipora

·         Zirel

·         Zorthel


Police Decree Concerning The Marking Of Jews, 1st September, 1941


1.      Jews (see Paragraph 5 of the First Executive Decree Concerning the Reich Citizenship Law of 14th November, 1935) over the age of six are forbidden to show themselves in public without a Jew's star.

2.      The Jew's star consists of a six pointed star of yellow cloth with black borders, equivalent in size to the palm of the hand. The inscription is to read JEW in black letters. It is to be sewn to the left breast of the garment, and to be worn visibly.


1.      Jews are forbidden:

(a) to leave their area of residence without carrying, on their person, written permission from the local Police;
(b) to wear medals, decorations, or other insignia.


Liste der jüdischen Vornamen
Regelung auch für jüdische Träger von deutschen Vornamen

Folkish Observer, 24th August, 1938.

Im Reichsgesetzblatt ist die Zweite Verordnung zur Durchführung des Gesetzes über die Änderung von Familiennamen und Vornamen erschienen, die die Führung von Vornamen durch Juden regelt. Sie bestimmt, daß den Juden, die deutsche Staatsangehörige oder staatenlos sind, in Zukunft nur solche Vornamen beigelegt werden dürfen, die den vom Reichsminister des Innern herausgegebenen Richtlinien entsprechen.

         Diese Richtlinien sind in dem Runderlaß vom 23. August 1938 bekanntgegeben, der im Reichministerialblatt für die innere Verwaltung veröffentlicht ist. Wie die unten abgedruckte Zusammenstellung ergibt, sind darin nur solche Vornamen enthalten, die im deutschen Volk als typische jüdische angesehen werden. Juden, die eine fremde Staatsangehörigkeit besitzen, werden von der Vorschrift nicht betroffen.

         Soweit Juden zur Zeit Vornamen führen, die nicht in den Richtlinien verzeichnet sind, müssen sie vom 1. Januar 1939 ab zusätzlich einen weiteren Vornamen annehmen, und zwar männliche Personen den Vornamen Israel, weibliche Personen den Vornamen Sara. Sie müssen hiervon bis zum 31. Januar 1939 den Standesbeamten, die ihre Geburt und ihre Heirat beurkundet haben, sowie der für ihren Wohnsitz oder gewöhnlichen Aufenthalt zuständigen Ortspolizeibehörde schriftlich Anzeige erstatten. Bei geschäftsunfähigen oder in der Geschäftsfähigkeit beschränkten Personen trifft die Verpflichtung zur Anzeige den gesetzlichen Vertreter. Sofern es im Rechts- und Geschäftsverkehr üblich ist, den Namen anzugeben, müssen Juden stets auch wenigstens einen ihrer Vornamen anführen. Sind sie zur Annahme des zusätzlichen Vornamens Israel oder Sara verpflichtet, so haben sie auch diesen Vornamen zu führen. Bei Zuwiderbandlungen gegen diese Vorschriften sind Gefängnis- oder Geldstrafen angedroht.

Männliche Vornamen

         Als jüdische Vornamen sind in dem Runderlaß des Reichsministers des Innern bekanntgegeben: Abel, Abieser, Abimelech, Abner, Absalom, Ahab, Ahasja, Ahasver, Akiba, Amon, Anschel, Aron, Asahel, Asaria, Ascher, Asriel, Assur, Athaija, Awigdor, Awrum, Bachja, Barak, Baruch, Benaja, Berek, Berl, Boas, Bud, Chaggai, Chai, Chajin, Chamor, Chananja, Chanoch, Chaskel, Chawa, Chiel, Dan, Denny, Elim, Efraim, Ehud, Eisig, Eli, Elias, Elihu, Eliser, Eljakim, Elkan, Enoch, Esau, Esra, Ezechiel, Faleg, Feibisch, Feitel, Feiwel, Feleg, Gad, Gdaleo, Gedalja, Gerson, Gideon, Habakuk, Hagai, Hemor, Henoch, Herodes, Hesekiel, Hillel, Hiob, Hosea, Isaac, Isai, Isachar, Isboseth, Isidor, Ismael, Israel, Itzig, Jachiel, Jaffe, Jakar, Jakusiel, Jescheskel, Jechiel, Jehu, Jehuda, Jehusiel, Jeremia, Jerobeam, Jesaja, Jethro, Jiftach, Jizehak, Joab, Joehanan, Joel, Jomteb, Jona, Jonathan, Josia, Juda, Kainan, Kaiphas, Kaleb, Korach, Laban, Lazarus, Leew, Leiser, Levi, Lewek, Lot, Lupu, Machol, Maim, Malchisua, Maleachi, Manasse, Mardochai, Mechel, Menachem, Moab, Mochain, Mordeschaj, Mosche, Moses, Nachschon, Nachum, Naftali, Nathan, Naum, Nazury, Nehab, Nehemia, Nissim, Noa, Nochem, Obadja, Orew, Oscher, Osias, Peisach, Pinchas, Pinkus, Rachmiel, Ruben, Sabbatai, Sacher, Sallum, Sally, Salo, Salomon, Salusch, Samaja, Sami, Samuel, Sandel, Saudik, Saul, Schalom, Schaul, Schinul, Schmul, Schneur, Schoachana, Scholem, Sebulon, Semi, Sered, Sichem, Sirach, Simson, Teit, Tewele, Uri, Uria, Uriel, Zadek, Zedekia, Zephanja, Zeruja, Zewi.

Weibliche Vornamen:

         Abigail, Baschewa, Beile, Bela, Bescha, Bihri, Bilba, Breine, Briewe, Brocha, Chana, Chawa, Cheiche, Cheile, Chinke, Deiche, Dewaara, Driesel, Egele, Faugel, Feigle, Feile, Fradchen, Fradel, Frommet, Geilchen, Gelea, Ginendel, Gittel, Gole, Hadasse, Hale, Hannacha, Hitzel, Jachel, Jachewad, Jedidja, Jente, Jezabel, Judis, Jyske, Jyttel, Keile, Kreindel, Lane, Leie, Libsche, Libe, Liwie, Machle, Mathel, Milkele, Mindel, Nacha, Nachme, Peirche, Pesschen, Pesse, Pessel, Pirle, Rachel, Rause, Rebekka, Rechel, Reha, Reichel, Reisel, Reitzge, Reitzsche, Riwki, Sara, Scharne, Scheindel, Scheine, Schewa, Schlämche, Semche, Slowe, Sprinze, Tana, Telze, Tirze, Treibel, Zerel, Zilla, Zimle, Zine, Zipora, Zirel, Zorthel.

         Abgesehen von diesen Sondervorschriften über die Vornamen der Juden, sollen nach dem sonstigen Inhalt des Runderlaßes Kinder deutscher Staatsangehöriger in Zukunft grundsätzlich nur deutsche Vornamen erhalten. Namen, urspünglich ausländischer Herkunft, die seit Jahrhunderten in Deutschland als Vornamen verwendet werden und völlig eingedeutscht sind -- wie Hans, Joachim, Peter, Julius, Elisabeth, Maria, Sofie, Charlotte -- gelten als deutsche Vornamen. Nichtdeutsche Vornamen sollen nur dann zugelassen werden, wenn ein besonderer Grund dies rechtfertigt: so z. B. Zugehörigkeit zu einem nichtdeutschen Volkstum, Familienüberlieferung, verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen.